Cognitive Behavioural Therapy or CBT is a short term, goal focused therapy that has been proven to help treat a range of psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression.
CBT addresses how a person is thinking about a situation and how these thoughts can affect the way they feel and act. CBT assumes that we can improve symptoms of anxiety and depression by changing these patterns of thought and behaviour.
Tom is sitting in his office working on a project. He starts to think: “I’m never going to complete this, my boss is going to kill me!” Consequently, Tom starts to feel stressed and overwhelmed by work, he then starts procrastinating by checking his emails and making multiple cups of coffee. This behaviour reinforces Tom’s thoughts “I’m never going to complete this!” making him feel even more stressed.
This is a very common anxiety cycle found in CBT. In therapy, we would work to break it by helping Tom to pay attention to the thoughts he has in the office. We would then work to develop more helpful responses by challenging the thoughts and testing out alternative behaviours.
For more information see: http://www.babcp.com/Public/What-is-CBT.aspx